This article is available also in spanish here

Forest cities: nature conquers the heart of cities

My list

Author | Jaime Ramos

Opposing one another in the past, the city and forest concepts are making up. Such are the benefits of integrating nature into the urban space, that some projects are already considering a total merger with the creation of forest cities.

What is a forest city? Concept, meaning and definition

Forest city is the term used to refer to urban proposals that are designed combining urban infrastructures with local vegetation from the ecosystem in which the city is built. It forms part of modern urban trends. The essence of a forest city involves a form of natural symbiotic city or area which, instead of destroying the natural habitat, takes advantage of its virtues.

Forest cities stem from a prior evolution in which smart city planners embraced the idea of increasing the proportion of green areas. The ratio between forest and city can be boosted through the conservation of existing interior, nearby or remote forests, as proposed by the coalition of 84 cities City4Forests; or under the execution of urban planning proposals that return forests to cities, such as green gardens orurban micro-forests.

Advantages of forest cities

forest cities 2

The advantages of forest cities include:

  • Reducing greenhouse gas emissions and improving air quality. Vegetation acts as an agent which, while it may not eliminate air pollution, it does help to alleviate its effects.
  • More green spaces, better quality of life. It has been proven that green spaces have a positive impact on the wellbeing of local residents.
  • Preservation of ecosystems. There are countless associated benefits: preservation of species, soil conservation, reduction of soil erosion, greater soil quality (with the corresponding benefits, its positive impact on water management, etc.
  • Vegetation as an economic asset.

Disadvantages and risks

  • It is not always easy to integrate nature into the city. It requires careful planning, in particular in cities with infrastructures that make it hard to "go back". Apart from that, the preservation of forests requires specific requirements that perhaps cannot be met or are too expensive.
  • An arbitrary application of the concept could affect existing ecosystems, fostering the appearance of invasive species.

Examples of forest cities

Liuzhou Forest City (China), the most famous

40,000 trees and one million plants from more than 100 different species for 30,000 inhabitants. These are the major figures that the firm Stefano Boeri Architetti together with the Chinese authorities in the city of Liuzhou planned for their forest city.

The studio, famous for its declared philosophy on the introduction of nature in cities is taking the integration between buildings and nature to a new level. With its new city, it hopes to release 10,000 tons of CO2 into the atmosphere each year and produce 900 tons of oxygen.

Cancun Smart Forest City

forest cities 3

Covering an even larger area than the one above, Stefano Boeri Architetti has also been involved in the Cancun forest city project. They are working on a new city covering 400 green hectares, which will include 7.5 million plants and reduce the carbon footprint by 116,000 tons.

Urban forests using the Miyawaki method

Apart from these two, there are countless initiatives at a global level that seek to achieve urban reforestation. Many are based on the so-called Akira Miyawaki botanical method. This has enabled the creation of 2,000 new urban forests, accelerating the reforestation process in a respectful and participatory manner.

Images | Freepik/mrsiraphol y Stefano Boeri Architetti

Related content

Recommended profiles for you

Remember to activate your profile to network!
Activate profile
Ghazal Etminan
Ghazal Etminan
AIT
Research engineer and Business developer
VERLAGUET LAURENT
VERLAGUET LAURENT
EIFFAGE ENERGIE SYSTEMES - IPERION
Director of French market about cities and communities in Eiffage company
Marçal Serra
Marçal Serra
CESVA instruments, s.l.u.
Acoustics Manager
Francisco Fernandes da Costa
Francisco Fernandes da Costa
Sustainary Sul da Europa e África
MS
Marc Serra
Fira Barcelona
Venue Services Director
JG
Jennifer Gregory
N/A
National Sales Director
RA
Rizzah Aulifia
HMIP UI
Vice head of scholar
KK
Kevin Mulia Christian Kevin
Olahaja
Co-Founder
OC
Osly Ariel Cabrera Fletes
UNAH
Catastral maintenance technician, legalization of municipal lands.
MP
Miguel Angel Pareja Trigo
Acciona
Head Cloud Infrastructure / Acciona Service
CH
Christopher Hardt
LifeGlimmer GmbH
Bioinformatician
Carla Almaguer
Carla Almaguer
ESADE
Full Time MBA Student
MM
Manuel Marzo
University Student
I\'m graduating with a master in public policies
AT
Adolfo Terreu
Terreucorp
Tehnical staff
PM
Piergianni Meloni
Net City Led
CTO
ER
Ednei Rodrigues
Ecourbis Ambiental S.A.
EJ
Erwindy Jossi
Ministry of public works and housing
Water resources analyst
PA
Pablo M. Alonso de Lomas Fdez.
ELON SMART TECH
CEO
Md. Shehzad
Md. Shehzad
Southern University Bangladesh
Undergraduate Student
AA
Ali Apaydin
Triton Consulting
General Manager

SmartCity
Thank you for registering to Tomorrow.City. You can now start exploring from your computer, or with your phone or tablet downloading our app!
Only accessible for registered users
This content is available only for registered users
TO: $$toName$$
SUBJECT: Message from $$fromName$$