Is it possible to reduce noise pollution in existing urbanized areas?
This article is available also in Spanish here

Is it possible to reduce noise pollution in existing urbanized areas?

My list

Author | Jaime Ramos

Excessive noise or noise pollution not only has a negative impact on the concept of a city, but also on the health of its residents. How can it be tackled?

NOISE POLLUTION: THE DANGERS BEHIND IT

When we talk about noise pollution, also known as acoustic pollution, we are referring to any excessive sound (noise) that affects the health and wellbeing of humans. Cities, by nature, have become the epicenter of this problem. They have been tackling this problem for decades.

Despite it being a form of pollution that has not had the same level of impact as air pollution, the truth is that the World Health Organization (WHO) has classified it as the second largest environmental cause of health problems in Western Europe, only behind the aforementioned air pollution caused by gas emissions.

Noise and sound levels are well known. What are not so well known are the multiple effects. They can have different negative health impacts, including poor mental health, sleep disturbances or attention problems. Particular attention should be given to the harmful effects on children and pregnant women.

HOW CAN WE ALLEVIATE NOISE POLLUTION IN CITIES?

Cities are a complex issue, since noise is not limited to a single source, but rather it comes from a range of them. The study Ten questions concerning active noise control in the built environment emphasizes this diversity.

Since noise sources and acoustic environments are generally time varying, the controller must be adaptive and respond to the time-varying frequency content, amplitude, and phase of the noise source.

The priorities established in this study include not only measuring noise, but also the problem of tackling noise phenomena, in which there are too many stakeholders involved. They offer alternatives in terms of the creation of barriers and facade retrofitting.

SOLUTIONS FOR COMBATING NOISE POLLUTION

The Earth Journalism portal offered a classification to help understand the multidimensional nature of the sources. Some of the most interesting include:

Incompatibility in land use

This refers to the noise generated in a location, business or building, through exogenous sources of noise. For example, the noise caused by delivery trucks working with restaurants. Cities can mitigate this through a zoning strategy.Regulations in Washington State (USA), for example, establish a series of noise limits based on a particular area.

A different matter is noise caused by entertainment activities, which requires urban control, isolating business premises and buildings, establishing limits in large open-air events.

Construction and industry noise

Industrial activity is another source of noise dating back thousands of years. The United States has also established measures to control this nose, for example, those established by Department of Transportation. The solutions include (particularly during nighttime hours), diverting routes, restricting the use of machinery or establishing time slots.

Noise pollution from traffic

From air traffic noise to noise from cars and motorcycles, means of transport are an almost immeasurable source of noise pollution. Solutions go from reducing speed limits in cities, road surfaces that reduce noise, trees and plants and barriers surrounding sources of noise, to radars to detect noise pollution violations.

Measures for inside buildings

This is a solution affecting the focal point, not the source but rather the buildings affected by the noise. The study, Acoustic retrofit strategies of windows in facades of residential buildings, highlights the lack of specific international standards and the need to act on elements such as windows, which are weak points that increase exposure to noise in cities. If we could replace them with new designs capable of acting as a buffer against noise, noise pollution in modern cities would be significantly reduced.

Images | @chairulfajar_/Unsplash

Related content

Recommended profiles for you

Karolína Čuntalová
VUT
XB
Xiao Bian
Renmin University of China & University of Groningen
AS
Abhas Sagar
Student in GGSIPU
I\'m in the last year of my 5 year B.Arch programme. I aspire to be an urban planner and designer.
MB
max burks
university
AH
Aaron Huang
SHANGHAI LONG-JOIN INTELLIGENT TECHNOLOGY INC.
LONGJOIN® Photocell Manufacturer engineer /photocell /zhaga book 18
AF
Abdurrahman faiz Faiz
Uin alauddin
Collage student
AK
Aashit Khant
Shashvat Corporation
Director of the Shashvat Corporation. One of the leading companies in Real Estate.
AS
Aarti Shah
Co-REGEN
AA
Aamer Azeemi
Petrus Consulting LLC
Managing Consultant
AA
Abdulaziz Almogren
SILZ
AP
Abbie Pokorny
Dentons LLP
Senior Associate
AD
Aashna Dodhia
KPMG
AK
Abhishek khanna
Independent Consultant
Specialist Regenerative Responsive Sustainable Smart City solutions planning, Design, ITApplications
AB
Abebe Dress Beza
University of the Basque Country
I am an Erasmus Student in the Smart Cities and Communities (SMACCs) program
AD
Abhishek Dand
Adani ports
Sr. Engineer
ON
ouqwf nasv
js
NN
Neo Natt
aitortilla books
AA
Abdulrahman Abdulhak
SABSRE
Projects manager
佳陶
佳 陶
同济大学
AN
ABASSI Narjess
Head Unit of Next Generation Network Engineering and Approval of Telecommunications Access Networks studies
Head Unit of NGN Engineering and Approval of \\nTelecommunications Access Networks studies