This article is available also in spanish here

Gated communities: advantages and disadvantages for cities

My list

Author | Jaime Ramos

It seems inevitable that social differences will also affect physical urban spaces too. We see this in a very simplified way with expressions like "rich neighborhood" and "poor neighborhood". However, certain communities have taken the trend one step further by establishing physical barriers between groups of houses and the rest of the city.

What is a gated community?

There has been a boom in gated communities across the globe for decades since the end of the Second World War. These communities are areas of residential land on which a number of houses are built, sometimes even reaching one hundred units. Based on 2009 estimates, in the United States, where they are extremely popular, 11% of residential communities are gated communities.

One of the main characteristics of this concept are strictly-controlled entrances. These residential neighborhoods tend to be located a good distance from town centers and access is controlled by physical barriers or by making use of existing geographical features.

They have their own internal regulations governing coexistence, which begins with the freedom to drive and the use of their facilities, which can lead to legal disputes at a local level.

Advantages of gated communities

2

One of the main and most important advantages is the amount of security that private communities provide. This is thanks to a physical separation, which can end up also becoming a psychological separation.

But this is not the only advantage. Gated communities offer their own exclusive services, such as sports facilities, they provide greater privacy and do not tend to have external traffic problems such as traffic jams.

As with the physical barriers, they also have psychological component for residents, who may feel like they are members of an exclusive social group. This social class distinction through urban spaces existed in citadels of the past and it still exists today. One only has to look at the 1958 comedy movie Mon Oncle by Jacques Tati.

Disadvantages of gated communities

3

The subject-matter expert, Sonia Roitman, explains some of the issues as follows: "Gated communities may benefit the families that live in them, by providing safety or quality recreational spaces. But they hinder the city and society in general (...)"

Roitman believes they restrict public spaces, fostering the idea of privatization that has a negative impact on social cohesion and the development of open and democratic cities designed to combat discrimination.

This is in terms of social segregation, however, gated communities may also generate certain economic disparities, by altering property prices.

In some countries, gated communities are almost an exception. There are significant contrasts, such as the 11 million homes on gated communities in Argentina, compared with 100,000 in the United Kingdom, at the beginning of the millennium.

There are patterns that determine the proliferation of gated communities, such as the case of Japan, where they are not very popular and which, in contrast to other countries in which they are widespread, enjoys a high level of wellbeing and low crime rates.

Unlike Japan, in Poland gated communities are increasing in popularity, but these too have had their fair share of controversy, for example the housing estate in Silesia that has banned children.

Aleksandra Kunce, an expert at the University of Katowice, tries to describe the psychological effects such as anxiety associated with this of urban design. She describes gated communities as bunkers that make you feel safe, while still looking out for the enemy.

Under this idea, it seems highly unlikely that the enemy of these communities in the Polish region of Silesia are children. Jacques Tati and, therefore, Mr. Hulot, would be horrified today to see a phenomenon which they criticized when it first emerged.

Images | iStock/Michael Anthony, iStock/rodclementphotography, Wikimedia Commons

Related Content

Recommended profiles for you

Remember to activate your profile to network!
Activate profile
Dennis Jason Kandukuri
Dennis Jason Kandukuri
Feeding India
Business Development
Karolina Kashkanova
Karolina Kashkanova
La Salle Ramon Llull University
Student
Carolina  Martinez
Carolina Martinez
IBEI
.
Rossana Poblet
Rossana Poblet
UN-HABITAT
Consultant
LP
Levente Polyak
Eutropian
managing Director
FB
Federica Biondi
Metropolis.org
Head of Admin & Finance
rh
roussel hélène
Montpellier Méditerranée Métropole
smart city manager - department of territorial development
Daniele Ornaghi Sant Anna
Daniele Ornaghi Sant Anna
Federal University of Itajubá
Professor
Ignacio Gallo
Ignacio Gallo
Plan-IN
General manager in charge of the strategic and innovation area
gr
graziella roccella
Planet Smart City
Chief Research and Product Design Officer
ALEJANDRO CAVALIERE
ALEJANDRO CAVALIERE
INCASA
FOUNDER / CEO
SN
Stacey Ntongo
The Gifted Gab
Marketing Director
Andres Roman
Andres Roman
Sony Europe BV, branch on Spain
General manager for TV technology strategy
Pablo Fernandez Marmissolle
Pablo Fernandez Marmissolle
UCLG
Chief of Staff
Lilian Nataly Soberanes
Lilian Nataly Soberanes
CONAVI
Chief of Department
FG
Fernando González
ASIET
General Manager
GG
Ghulamin Rizqiawan Ghulam
Sawarga Idea Consulting
Project Leader
Muhammad  Muhammad
Muhammad Muhammad
UIN Ar-Raniry
As a student in my university
vp
veronica pozas
La Caja taller de arquitectura
Owner, main architect
KM
Kosei MIyazaki
Hyogo University
Professor

Only accessible for registered users
This content is available only for registered users
TO: $$toName$$
SUBJECT: Message from $$fromName$$