Smart trams have taken to the streets of Florence as part of an experiment to improve mobility and sustainability in the Italian city.
The trams are part of the EU-funded ELASTIC project, which is working on systems that would provide improved real-time location information and hazard detection.
Three trams have been fitted with sensors including cameras, inertial measurement units (IMUs) – which measure the speed and orientation of a vehicle – and LIDAR, which measures proximity to a given object.
Three tram stops in the city have also been fitted with data collection, communication and computing devices to ensure the flow of accurate data. The project aims to give an early indication of how the smart cities of the future could function, with sustainability and pollution reduction at their heart.